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Granada, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1623

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Granata.

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Item Number:  16665
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Spain and Portugal
References: Van der Krogt 4 - 1597 State 1; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg - p.361

Old map - bird's-eye view of Granada by Braun & Hogenberg

Date of first edition: 1596
Date of this map: 1623

Copper Engraving
Size: 37.5 x 50.3 cm (14.76 x 19.8 inch) (height x width)
Verso: Latin text
Condition: Excellent, superb old colour.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4 1597 State 1; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg p.361

From: Urbium Praeipuarum Mundi Theatrum Quintum Auctore Georgio Braunio Agrippinate. Part 5. Köln, Petrus von Brachel, 1623. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.5)

A magnificent panoramic view of Granada in which the city's various quarters are clearly recognizable.. The city centre (A) is followed on the right by the two districts of Albaicin (B) and Antequeruela (D), and above them the Alhambra (C). Albacin was founded in 1246 by Moors fleeing from Baeza to Granada. Antequeruela was founded in 1410 by Moorish refugees from Antequera. Silk production, as mentioned by Braun, flourished in Granada under the rule of the Nasrids (1238-1493). During this period trade in silk with Italy led Granada to become the wealthiest city in Spain. The arts and sciences also flourished under the rule: Yusuf I founded the Arab university of La Madraza in Granada as early as 1349; the Christian university that succeeded it was created under Emperor Charles V in 1531.

In 1617 a piece of the copperplate (c. 2 x 3.5 cm) is broken off. This can be seen at the upper edge.

A magnificent panoramic view of Granada in which the city's various quarters are clearly recognizable.. The city centre (A) is followed on the right by the two districts of Albaicin (B) and Antequeruela (D), and above them the Alhambra (C). Albacin was founded in 1246 by Moors fleeing from Baeza to Granada. Antequeruela was founded in 1410 by Moorish refugees from Antequera. Silk production, as mentioned by Braun, flourished in Granada under the rule of the Nasrids (1238-1493). During this period trade in silk with Italy led Granada to become the wealthiest city in Spain. The arts and sciences also flourished under the rule: Yusuf I founded the Arab university of La Madraza in Granada as early as 1349; the Christian university that succeeded it was created under Emperor Charles V in 1531.

In 1617 a piece of the copperplate (c. 2 x 3.5 cm) is broken off. This can be seen at the upper edge.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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