This product is successfully added to your cart
Questions about this product? (#30592)

Authenticity Guarantee
All items are guaranteed authentic prints (woodcuts or engravings) or manuscripts made at or about (c.) the given date and in good condition unless stated otherwise. We don’t sell facsimiles or reproductions. We deliver every map with a Certificate of Authenticity containing all the details.

Very rare first 1570 A edition.
Southeast Asia, by Abraham Ortelius. 1570

This map, a unique synthesis of the best readily available information on Southeast Asia and the East Indian Islands, is a treasure for collectors and enthusiasts. It extends from Portuguese India in the west, through China, Japan, Southeast Asia and the East Indies (Indonesian archipelago), including New Guinea, to the Northwest coast of America. Sumatra and Java are shown as heavily distorted, along with the principal spice islands. However, the emergent shape of Borneo and the Philippines is apparent, as well as the general configuration of the East Indian archipelago. Java is depicted as an island with a greatly inflated shape and no topographical information along the south coast, separated from Beach, a presumed peninsula on the southern or 'fifth' continent. Borneo is mapped in the place of the fictitious 'Java Minor' that frequently appeared at that latitude on the 'modern' Ptolemaic maps of the region, although only the part of Borneo north of the equator is shown to the west of a barely recognizable Celebes (Sulawesi), where no hint is given of the very distinctive peninsula geography of the island.

On the other hand, the clove-producing islands of Ternate, Tidore and their neighbours to the south, Machian and Bacam, are correctly located to the west of the easily identifiable island of Gilolo (Halmahera) with its four distinctive peninsulas. Buru island is located correctly west of the main Ambon island, now called Seram. Although the 'Bird's Head' part of New Guinea (Irian Jaya) is shown as three islands, the outline of the coasts, particularly the north coast, strongly suggests that Ortelius based his information on actual charts of the coasts. Gebe island, where the French obtained the first clove and nutmeg seedlings they smuggled out in the eighteenth century and currently contains one of Indonesia's largest nickel mines, is correctly located on the equator between Gilolo and New Guinea. The map 'Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacentium Typus' by Ortelius is a 'milestone' map in the cartography of Southeast Asia and the East Indian Islands. It represents the synthesis of the cartographic knowledge of the region for the first seventy years of the sixteenth century and, most importantly, brought that knowledge to a vast audience through the numerous editions of the Theatrum. The map must be considered one of the gems of any private collection of maps of the region and, somewhat surprisingly, is still available for collectors at a reasonable price. (Parry, p.76-78)

Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)

The maker of the 'first atlas', the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570), was born on 4 April 1527 into an old Antwerp family. He learned Latin and studied Greek and mathematics.
Abraham and his sisters Anne and Elizabeth took up map colouring. He was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke as an "illuminator of maps." Besides colouring maps, Ortelius was a dealer in antiques, coins, maps, and books, with the book and map trade gradually becoming his primary occupation.
Business went well because his means permitted him to start an extensive collection of medals, coins, antiques, and a library of many volumes. In addition, he travelled a lot and visited Italy and France, made contacts everywhere with scholars and editors, and maintained extensive correspondence with them.

In 1564 he published his first map, a large and ambitious world wall map. The inspiration for this map may well have been Gastaldi's large world map. In 1565 he published a map of Egypt and a map of the Holy Land, a large map of Asia followed.
In 1568 the production of individual maps for his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum was already in full swing. He completed the atlas in 1569, and in May of 1570, the Theatrum was available for sale. It was one of the most expensive books ever published.
This first edition contained seventy maps on fifty-three sheets. Franciscus Hogenberg engraved the maps.
Later editions included Additamenta (additions), resulting in Ortelius' historical atlas, the Parergon, mostly bound together with the atlas. The Parergon can be called a truly original work of Ortelius, who drew the maps based on his research.

The importance of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum for geographical knowledge in the last quarter of the sixteenth century is difficult to overemphasize. Nothing was like it until Mercator's atlas appeared twenty-five years later. Demand for the Theatrum was remarkable. Some 24 editions appeared during Ortelius's lifetime and another ten after his death in 1598. Editions were published in Dutch, German, French, Spanish, English, and Italian. The number of map sheets grew from 53 in 1570 to 167 in 1612 in the last edition.

In 1577, engraver Philip Galle and poet-translator Pieter Heyns published the first pocket-sized edition of the Theatrum, the Epitome. The work was trendy. Over thirty editions of this Epitome were published in different languages.

back

Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacientium Typus.

€7500  ($7950 / £6375)
add to cart
Buy now
questions?
PRINT

Item Number:  30592  new Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Asia > Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia, by Abraham Ortelius.

Title: Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacientium Typus.
Cum Privilegio.

Date of the first edition: 1570.
Date of this map: 1570.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Image size: 350 x 500mm (13.78 x 19.69 inches).
Sheet size: 395 x 530mm (15.55 x 20.87 inches).
Verso: Latin text.
Condition: Original coloured, centre and sides backed, replacing bottom corners and closing centre fold., stained.
Condition Rating: A.

From:  Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Antwerpen, Gielis Coppens van Diest, 1570. (Van der Krogt 3, 1:001)

There were three editions in 1570.

The first copies of the Theatrum were ready in June 1570. On 17 June 1570, Ortelius delivered 40 copies of the atlas to Plantin. During that year, 119 more copies of the Theatrum followed. This first edition includes 53 maps and has the colophon dated 20 May 1570: probably only the 40 copies delivered on 17 June are of this first edition (A). There are two other editions in 1570. For each of these 1570 editions, the complete text has been reset. These editions are called the A, B, and C editions. (See Van der Krogt 3A, p. 46)

This map, a unique synthesis of the best readily available information on Southeast Asia and the East Indian Islands, is a treasure for collectors and enthusiasts. It extends from Portuguese India in the west, through China, Japan, Southeast Asia and the East Indies (Indonesian archipelago), including New Guinea, to the Northwest coast of America. Sumatra and Java are shown as heavily distorted, along with the principal spice islands. However, the emergent shape of Borneo and the Philippines is apparent, as well as the general configuration of the East Indian archipelago. Java is depicted as an island with a greatly inflated shape and no topographical information along the south coast, separated from Beach, a presumed peninsula on the southern or 'fifth' continent. Borneo is mapped in the place of the fictitious 'Java Minor' that frequently appeared at that latitude on the 'modern' Ptolemaic maps of the region, although only the part of Borneo north of the equator is shown to the west of a barely recognizable Celebes (Sulawesi), where no hint is given of the very distinctive peninsula geography of the island.

On the other hand, the clove-producing islands of Ternate, Tidore and their neighbours to the south, Machian and Bacam, are correctly located to the west of the easily identifiable island of Gilolo (Halmahera) with its four distinctive peninsulas. Buru island is located correctly west of the main Ambon island, now called Seram. Although the 'Bird's Head' part of New Guinea (Irian Jaya) is shown as three islands, the outline of the coasts, particularly the north coast, strongly suggests that Ortelius based his information on actual charts of the coasts. Gebe island, where the French obtained the first clove and nutmeg seedlings they smuggled out in the eighteenth century and currently contains one of Indonesia's largest nickel mines, is correctly located on the equator between Gilolo and New Guinea. The map 'Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacentium Typus' by Ortelius is a 'milestone' map in the cartography of Southeast Asia and the East Indian Islands. It represents the synthesis of the cartographic knowledge of the region for the first seventy years of the sixteenth century and, most importantly, brought that knowledge to a vast audience through the numerous editions of the Theatrum. The map must be considered one of the gems of any private collection of maps of the region and, somewhat surprisingly, is still available for collectors at a reasonable price. (Parry, p.76-78)

Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)

The maker of the 'first atlas', the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570), was born on 4 April 1527 into an old Antwerp family. He learned Latin and studied Greek and mathematics.
Abraham and his sisters Anne and Elizabeth took up map colouring. He was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke as an "illuminator of maps." Besides colouring maps, Ortelius was a dealer in antiques, coins, maps, and books, with the book and map trade gradually becoming his primary occupation.
Business went well because his means permitted him to start an extensive collection of medals, coins, antiques, and a library of many volumes. In addition, he travelled a lot and visited Italy and France, made contacts everywhere with scholars and editors, and maintained extensive correspondence with them.

In 1564 he published his first map, a large and ambitious world wall map. The inspiration for this map may well have been Gastaldi's large world map. In 1565 he published a map of Egypt and a map of the Holy Land, a large map of Asia followed.
In 1568 the production of individual maps for his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum was already in full swing. He completed the atlas in 1569, and in May of 1570, the Theatrum was available for sale. It was one of the most expensive books ever published.
This first edition contained seventy maps on fifty-three sheets. Franciscus Hogenberg engraved the maps.
Later editions included Additamenta (additions), resulting in Ortelius' historical atlas, the Parergon, mostly bound together with the atlas. The Parergon can be called a truly original work of Ortelius, who drew the maps based on his research.

The importance of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum for geographical knowledge in the last quarter of the sixteenth century is difficult to overemphasize. Nothing was like it until Mercator's atlas appeared twenty-five years later. Demand for the Theatrum was remarkable. Some 24 editions appeared during Ortelius's lifetime and another ten after his death in 1598. Editions were published in Dutch, German, French, Spanish, English, and Italian. The number of map sheets grew from 53 in 1570 to 167 in 1612 in the last edition.

In 1577, engraver Philip Galle and poet-translator Pieter Heyns published the first pocket-sized edition of the Theatrum, the Epitome. The work was trendy. Over thirty editions of this Epitome were published in different languages.

References: Van der Krogt 3 - 8400:31; Van den Broecke - p. 196, #166; Karrow - 1/68; Durant-Curtis - #11; Clancy - p.71 Map 5

Related items

Southeast Asia, par Robert de Vaugondy.

Archipel des Indes Orientales qui Comprend les Isles de la Sonde, Moluques et Philippines. c. 1757
Southeast Asia, par Robert de Vaugondy.
[Item number: 4751]

€500  ($530 / £425)
Southeast Asia by Janssonius, Johannes

This map was the most accurate and one of the most elegant seventeenth-century maps of the East Indies
Indiae Orientalis Nova Descriptio. 1644-58
Southeast Asia by Janssonius, Johannes
[Item number: 10013]

€1100  ($1166 / £935)
Southeast Asia, by G. Mercator - J. Hondius (small)

India Orientalis. 1607
Southeast Asia, by G. Mercator - J. Hondius (small)
[Item number: 25186]

€280  ($296.8 / £238)
Southeast Asia, by G. Mercator - J. Hondius.

From the Cloppenburg edition
Insulae Indiae Orientalis. 1630
Southeast Asia, by G. Mercator - J. Hondius.
[Item number: 25234]

€460  ($487.6 / £391)
Southeast Asia, by J. Ottens.

Le Royaume de Siam avec les Royaumes qui luy sont Tributaires, et les Isles de Sumatra, Andemaon, etc. et les Isles Voisine. c. 1700
Southeast Asia, by J. Ottens.
[Item number: 25716]

€1600  ($1696 / £1360)
Southeast Asia by Nicolaes Visscher, published by Petrus Schenk.

Indiae Orientalis nec non Insularum Adiacentium Nova Descriptio. c. 1740
Southeast Asia by Nicolaes Visscher, published by Petrus Schenk.
[Item number: 25718]

€1200  ($1272 / £1020)
Southeast Asia, by Pieter van der Aa.

L'Inde de la le Gange, 1713
Southeast Asia, by Pieter van der Aa.
[Item number: 26097]

€650  ($689 / £552.5)
Southeast Asia, by Giovanni Magini.

India Orientalis. 1597
Southeast Asia, by Giovanni Magini.
[Item number: 26521]

€380  ($402.8 / £323)
Southeast Asia by Willem & Joan Blaeu

This map has the first accurate depiction of the Philippines
India quae Orientalis dicitur et Insulae Adiacentes. 1640-43
Southeast Asia by Willem & Joan Blaeu
[Item number: 26566]

€2000  ($2120 / £1700)
Southeast Asia, by Francesco Santini.

Archipel des Indes Orientales qui comprend les Isles de la Sonde, Moluques et Philippines. 1776-79
Southeast Asia, by Francesco Santini.
[Item number: 26977]

€450  ($477 / £382.5)
Southeast Asia, by J.B. d'Anville.

Seconde Partie de la Carte d'Asie Contenant la Chine et Partie de la Tartarie, l'Inde au Deca du Gange, les Isles Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Moluques, Philippines, et du Japo 1746-53
Southeast Asia, by J.B. d'Anville.
[Item number: 27401]

€1600  ($1696 / £1360)
Barent Langenes & Cornelis Claesz.: Southeast Asia, Japan, China, and the Philippines.

Including the first map of the Philippines.
India Orien. - Iapan. - China. - Insulae Philippinae. 1602
Barent Langenes & Cornelis Claesz.: Southeast Asia, Japan, China, and the Philippines.
[Item number: 27705]

€2800  ($2968 / £2380)
Southeast Asia, by Emanuel Bowen.

A New and Accurate Map of the East India Islands. 1747
Southeast Asia, by Emanuel Bowen.
[Item number: 28012]

€380  ($402.8 / £323)
Southeast Asia by Jacques Nicolas Bellin.

Suite de L'Ocean Oriental Contenant Les Isles de la Sonde Les Costes de Tunquin et de la Chine Les Isles du Japon les Philippines Moluques. 1747
Southeast Asia by Jacques Nicolas Bellin.
[Item number: 28189]

€250  ($265 / £212.5)
Southeast Asia by Rigobert Bonne.

Carte des Indes en deçà et au dela du Gange; avec les Isles de la Sonde, Borneo, les Moluques et les Philippines. Partie Orientale. 1690
Southeast Asia by Rigobert Bonne.
[Item number: 28304]

€260  ($275.6 / £221)
Southeast Asia by Giacomo Gastaldi / Ptolemy.

Scarce
Tabula Asiae XI. 1548
Southeast Asia by Giacomo Gastaldi / Ptolemy.
[Item number: 28362]

€620  ($657.2 / £527)
Indochina by Cantelli da Vignola, published by Giovanni Giacomo de Rossi.

Penisola Dell India di la dal Gange Divisa ne i Regni, che in essasi contengono et accresciuta di varie notizie. 1692
Indochina by Cantelli da Vignola, published by Giovanni Giacomo de Rossi.
[Item number: 28371]

€1800  ($1908 / £1530)
Southeast Asia by Nicolaes Visscher I.

Indiae Orientalis nec non Insularum Adiacentium Nova Descriptio. 1678
Southeast Asia by Nicolaes Visscher I.
[Item number: 28555]

€1650  ($1749 / £1402.5)
Antique map of Southeast Asia by Châtelain

Le Royaume de Siam avec les Royaumes qui luy sont Tributaires et les Isles de Sumatra Andemaon etc. et les isles voisines. 1719
Antique map of Southeast Asia by Châtelain
[Item number: 29372]

€580  ($614.8 / £493)
Southeast Asia, by Z. Châtelain.

Carte des Indes, de la Chine & des Iles de Sumatra, Java &c. 1719
Southeast Asia, by Z. Châtelain.
[Item number: 29376]

€650  ($689 / £552.5)
Southeast Asia by Tommaso Porcacchi.

Isole Molucche.- [Above map :] Descrittione del l'Isole Molucche. 1590
Southeast Asia by Tommaso Porcacchi.
[Item number: 29788]

€720  ($763.2 / £612)
East Indian Archipelago by Jodocus Hondius.

Insulae Indiae Orientalis Praecipuae, in quibus Moluccae celeberrimae sunt. 1630
East Indian Archipelago by Jodocus Hondius.
[Item number: 29863]

€3900  ($4134 / £3315)
Southeast Asia by Henricus Hondius, published by Johannes Janssonius.

With luxury colouring
India quae Orientalis dicitur et Insulae Adiacentes. 1666
Southeast Asia by Henricus Hondius, published by Johannes Janssonius.
[Item number: 29973]

€1500  ($1590 / £1275)
East Indies by van Spilbergen Joris.

Rare
[No title] - 'Mar di India'. 1645
East Indies by van Spilbergen Joris.
[Item number: 30057]

€2300  ($2438 / £1955)
South Asia by Lorens Fries

Two early modern maps of Southeast Asia by L. Fries and M. Waldseemüller
Tabu. Moder. Indiae [together with] India Orien talis. 1535
South Asia by Lorens Fries
[Item number: 30141]

€5000  ($5300 / £4250)
Indian Ocean, by A. Ortelius

Parergon map
Erythraei sive Rubri Maris Periplus. 1624
Indian Ocean, by A. Ortelius
[Item number: 30657]  new

€1200  ($1272 / £1020)